HORIZONTAL LEGISLATION AND MONITORING OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REPORTS

GEZIM HOXHA (Chairman ASSOCIATION of DEMOCRATIC CULTURE)

On June 13th, was organized the training “Horizontal Legislation and Monitoring of Environmental Impact Assessment Reports (EIA)” by Milieukontakt in the frame of the project: "CSOs practice EIA at all stages", financially supported by the project "Civil Society Acts for Environmentally Sound Socio-Economic Development" (CO-SEED) funded by European Union and implemented by Institute for Nature Conservation in Albania  (INCA).

At the meeting were present representative of local organizations, representative of Kruja municipality, high school education teachers, community etc.

Mr. Arion Sauku, coordinator of the project presented the aim of this project to create a positive working practice of involving the public in environmental decision-making through NGOs and responsible authorities.

Taking the floor Mr. Roland Daja Head of the Ecological Club in Kruja, thanked Milieukontakt that chose Kruja for its implementation because still nowadays continue the pollution from lime burning sites, from discharges of two cement factories and as a result there is an increase of carcinogenic diseases,as well as smog has covered the vegetables and fruits. These facts are verified also from other state environmental institutions. For this purpose during the training several presentations were made on: What is the environment impact assessment; How and what guarantees a proper EIA.

The training was supported by respective data given from Kruja Municipality lawyer, Mrs. Englantina Subashi and the forest inspector at the Municipality. Shkëlqim Malja which presented the situation of the forestation (pines in the quarries of Krasta (Kruja). The discussion took a broad trajectory by presenting real data on the area polluted and the role of NGOs to foster change.

The expert presented the main principles on environmental protection (as guaranteed by law) and the right to address in the court.

The key points were:

Principle of sustainable development.

 

Principle of conservation of natural resources.

 

The principle of substitution or compensation.

 

The principle of integrated approach.

 

The principle of mutual accountability and cooperation.

 

The principle of promoting the activity for environmental protection.

 

The polluter pays principal.

 

       Discussion in practice on the permits and environmental declarations issued by the NEA or Ministry of Environment was a very practical exercise for participants in order to easily understand and identify the various conditions in the permit and which of them are subject to further monitoring of the work carried out and at the same time be the subject of community participation in conservation of the natural resources of the area. Of course there are a number of methods and tools that organizations and civil society can use to document and refer to damages or violations.

Throughout the meeting participants were introduced to the real situation and competences of the Municipality to approach a more effective impact on environmental protection. At the end of the training participants discussed about the design and signing of a Memorandum of Cooperation in the field of information and public participation in environmental decision-making especially with regard to careers at Kruja Mountain. The first step is collecting information about the quarries operating in Kruja Mountain, their contracts in order to start its monitoring in partnership and with the support of the local government and the state Inspectorate of Environment and Forests.

The end remarks were made by Mr. Muharrem Goci, head of NGOs in Kruja. As the founder of this association, and one of the pioneers in environmental movement he thanked the organizers and the participants.

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