Governance and Anti-Corruption (GAC) Trust Fund

Supervision and monitoring of Shkodra Lake, project of World Bank April 2011 – October 2012. The assignment is to promote a more proactive participation of key stakeholders (particularly fishermen’s association, communes and municipalities associations, schools and the public at large) in monitoring project activities and results. Such participation is required as corollary to effective decentralization and improving development effectiveness. The tasks target an increased participation of relevant stakeholders and support in the long term the government strategy on implementation of projects.

 

Background and Overall Objectives
Lake Shkodra/Skadar Integrated Ecosystem Management Project (LSIEMP) is one of the projects in the World Bank Portfolio, financed through a Global Environment Facility (GEF) Specific Investment Grant and government budget contributions, which aims to support the country’s strategy in this area. The overall project development objective is to maintain and enhance the long-term economic value and environmental services of Lake Skadar-Shkodra/Skadar and its natural resources. The project will achieve this objective by: (a) strengthening institutional mechanisms for transboundary coordination and cooperation; (b) improving information and understanding of the lake’s ecosystem and potential impacts of development; and (c) providing demonstrations and incentives for pollution reduction and strengthened regulatory capacity.
The project has three components:

1) Capacity Building for improved understanding and joint management of the Lake which aims to establish and operationalize the Skadar-Shkodra Lake Commission, its Secretariat and the Bilateral Working Groups;

2) Promoting sustainable use of the lake which will promote adoption of sustainable approaches to economic development of the lake (and its natural resources) by focusing on tourism and fisheries; and

3) Catalyze water pollution investments which will support selected investments to stimulate pollution reduction activities.


Scope of the work
The scope of work included complementary tasks that will improve the goal of this Project proposed to be monitored through the PDO indicators and intermediate outcome indicators listed above. Specific tasks are as follows:

 

TASK 1: Consolidate awareness for improved understanding and joint management of the Lake

  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the set-up institutional mechanisms (Skadar Lake Commission and its Secretariat, Working Groups, database) to facilitate positive cooperation at technical and political level
  • Collaborate with all Working Groups and monitor their proposed bilateral activities;
  • Raise awareness and explore options (if needed) for institutionalizing cooperation transboundary for lake management per the Bilateral Agreement signed by both Governments (Al and MN);
  • Enhance dissemination of the predictive hydrological model at both design level and operation by informing the stakeholders and decision makers about this tool that will help analyse impacts of proposed development projects and investment in the lake basin at both national and transboundary levels;
  • Work with local authorities, communes, NGOs, Fishery Management Organizations (FMOs) to enhance the consultations of the draft Lake Management Plan once completed;
  • Facilitate communications between FMOs, commune and municipalities and help ensure that local stakeholders’ proposals are reflected in future project-supported activities
  • Organize workshops that will involve evaluation of project-funded activities’ progress/ project results and ideas for their improvement with the participation of local implementing agencies, beneficiaries and stakeholders.

TASK 2: Enhance promoting sustainable use of the Lake

  • Disseminate information from fishing surveys to enhance promoting sustainable use of lake and reduce the number of unlicensed fishermen or those using illegal fishing methods;
  • Monitor and evaluate the level of local awareness and engagement in sustainable tourism and natural resource management based on the indicators provided by the socio-economical surveys
  • Monitor the evaluation of restoration activities for 2 identified degraded sites in their effectiveness to improve water quality entering the Lake; help identifying other priority pollution sources that could help reduce sedimentation and runoff into lake.

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